March 26, 2021 - 1:00 pm
March 26, 2021 - 3:00 pm
On March 26th, 2021, 1-3 PM UTC, Claudia Pascoal and Filipe Costa, from the Centre of Molecular and Environmental Biology (CBMA) and the Institute of Science and Innovation for Bio-Sustainability (IB-S) at the University of Minho, Portugal, will share with us their perspective on the next-generation biomonitoring and the sustainable management of ecosystems. The moderator will be Eduardo Pereira (IB-S).
Our planet is currently facing global challenges deriving from globalization and industrial development. A growing population with increasing demands accompanied by technological developments are creating unprecedented pressures in the delicate balance of Earth ecosystems and natural resources. However, there is hope on science-driven change and on new paths for sustainable development and growth. The Institute of Science and Innovation for Bio-sustainability (IB-S) is an academic institution focused on new change drivers based on science and technology, aiming at a sustainable future for societies. Within IB-S activity, one of the most important lines of research is related to biodiversity and the resilience of ecosystems to face the ongoing global climate change.
The emergence and expansion of DNA technologies since early 21st century provided unparalleled capacity to monitor and investigate biodiversity with an unprecedented accuracy and spatial density. We will overview the relevance of current global scale initiatives such as the project BIOSCAN of the international consortium for the Barcode of Life (iBOL), and review our main research activities aiming to harness the potential of (e)DNA metabarcoding in the improvement of the monitoring. Finally, we will present our recent DNA-based findings of non-indigenous marine species, coastal communities, ichthyofauna and ichthyoplankton and the unexpected high levels of biodiversity and endemism of marine invertebrates in the Atlantic archipelagos of Macaronesia and discuss implications for marine biodiversity conservation and management.
Ecosystems, and the biodiversity and services they support, are intrinsically dependent on climate. Changes in biodiversity and ecosystems resulting from climate change have often strong negative social, cultural and economic consequences. The vulnerability of sensitive regions to impacts of hydro-meteorological disasters has increased over the past decades with impacts on the agri-food sector. Agriculture accounts for about 70% of global freshwater withdrawals. Water scarcity and climate variability are critical for the agri-food sector. The adoption of sustainable management practices in the agri-food sector are therefore critical. We will overview results of two projects: i) the Eco-Agri-Food project, which developed innovative green products and processes to minimize impacts on ecosystems; and ii) the CLIMALERT project (Twitter: @ClimalertEU), which developed climate services tools to improve agricultural practices and to move from a non-adaptive to an adaptive management of agriculture, coupling water availability with the ecosystem conservation.
- Welcome Remarks, Eduardo Pereira
- Bio-economy and climate services towards agri-food and water sustainability, Cláudia Pascoal
- Barcode of Life for new generation global ecosystems monitoring, Filipe Costa
- Q&A moderated by Eduardo Pereira
- Closing remarks, Eduardo Pereira